Disgust is an emotion that is often associated with things that are unsanitary, inedible, infectious, or offending. Surprise is an emotion that is often associated with a brief state of being. Below are five tips to help you better read the facial expressions of others. All authors wrote the manuscript, and read and approved the final manuscript. You hear footsteps behind you. Learn the best ways to manage stress and negativity in your life. The results of our target emotion analysis under the photograph condition indicated that the facial expressions of target emotions were more evidently produced than all of the other emotions for all facial expressions, when the participants imitated photographs of prototypical facial expressions.
However, subsequent empirical research on the production of emotional facial expressions has not provided clear support for the theory of prototypical facial expressions.
What comes first? Oxford University Press— Get our newsletter every Friday! We calculated both emotion intensities and AU intensities based on artificial neural networks trained with large databases of prototypical emotional facial expressions and AUs, respectively. The ability to understand facial expressions is an important part of nonverbal communication. However, this line of research may provide valuable information to elucidate the production of emotional facial expressions.